it is an inflammation of the lung tissue. It occurs due to various microorganisms, especially bacteria. In some types of pneumonia, there is a direct risk of transmission from sick person to healthy people.However, the disease can often be transmitted through the patient's own mouth, throat or digestive tract. These microbes, which do not normally cause disease, cause pneumonia in people with weakened body defenses. Therefore, risk factors that break the body resistance of the person rather than contamination play a role in the formation of pneumonia.
What are the symptoms of pneumonia?
There may be chills, high fever up to 39-40 ° C, cough, dirty, inflamed (green, yellow, rust-colored) sputum and pain. In some types of pneumonia, insidious start occurs. There may be symptoms such as dry cough, fever, nausea, vomiting, headache, following a few days of loss of appetite, weakness, joint and muscle pain. Patients with this complaint should definitely consult a doctor. Pneumonia is a health problem that should not be neglected. It is known that early diagnosis and treatment without delay reduce deaths. If the patient's complaints are compatible with pneumonia, it can be diagnosed by examination and chest x-ray findings. If necessary, blood and sputum tests can be done.
In most cases, pneumonia can be treated at home. Severe cases, elderly patients, patients requiring oxygen therapy or intensive care support should be hospitalized. Treatment depends on the patient. The results are satisfactory when treatment is started early and in cases that can be treated on an outpatient basis. However, the mortality rate is high in severe pneumonia cases whose diagnosis and treatment are delayed.